Arts are of three types:
Traditional Martial arts have traditional technique and are used in sport & Street fighting to overpower and
injure the opponent.
are used by the Law Enforcement to control, subdue &
capture Law breakers without causing grevious injury.
Military Martial Arts -Unarmed Combat Arts
have only one aim, to eliminate in the fastest & simplest
possible way. Period
Military Close Quarter Combat (CQB) Arts are very different
from Civilian Martial Arts. Tracing the development of Military Martial Arts (Now also called ‘Combatives’), it
all started with World War II, when British Army started developing a quick system of Hand to Hand Combat called UAC. This
was hastily compiled with major influence by judo & wrestling. Thus they
used to catch a punch, grab a kick, grab a bayonet thrust at them and throw! Very impractical, but this method spread all
over the allies as UAC.
1926, William Fairbairn developed “Defendu” derived from Chinese Martial Arts and Kodokan Judo. Defendu was developed to train the Shanghai
Police and was later taught in expanded form to the American OSS and SOE members
during World War II. Fairbairn was called upon by the British to help train Allied Troops in World War II.
The US OSS Col Rex Applegate decided to modernize Hand to
Hand Combat. He wrote the famous manual “Kill or Be Killed” which was another Defendu or old Fairburns art derivation.
With predominately Judo- Wrestling influence on Military H2H. He also emphasized “Quick Pistol Shooting” Techniques
in CQB & use of Fairbairn Sykes knife in cutting Windpipe for Sentry Termination. This became the US Marines FM Manual.
In 2000, this Manual of CQB UAC course was derived from Brazilian variation of Judo (BJJ) and Russian Sambo, a sport wrestling.
So it is obvious that all these
military martial arts were based on Civilian martial arts & restricted to one or other kind of wrestling art, hence narrow
in technique & application.
An Instructor in Physical training for Isreali Defense forces,
Imi Litchinfield developed a newer system of military martial art. This art was modified for civilian application and called
Krav Maga. The military version is popularly known as Hagannah.
ACCS: The Indian CQB Art
In India, the Dr. Rao couple,
Prof. Dr. Deepak Rao and Dr. Seema Rao were passionately involved with modernizing Military close combat martial arts
from 1994. Their art ACCS: Advanced Commando Combat System included
skills which could be learnt quickly without much precision training and used at vital points to kill. Bayonet techniques,
Sentry Termination techniques & Reflex Shooting techniques, along with principles of Mob fighting (like putting the Mob
components in a straight line in order to neutralize the numbers), Weapons Defence, Concepts of Line of Fire, Arc of Thrust
of a Edged Weapon, etc were redeveloped after thorough research.
ACCS is well known for its
innovative technique of of close quarter shooting, which has been predominantly developed for CQB operations for use of the
Indian forces by the Rao’s. This technique called "Reflex Shooting (Rao system)" is different in two respects, in that
it advocates carrying the rifle barrel pointing upwards during engaging target and in aiming only with the foresight to reduce
time taken to shoot. The forces have used this application to reduce their reaction time and improve shooting accuracy.
This art of ACCS has been studied and trained in, by many
Indian Forces. From last 15 years till date 15,000 soldiers have been trained in this modern method without any compensation
by the Rao couple. ACCS is the newest and most modern military martial art to hit the world after Krav Maga.
The Bison system is the Unarmed Combat Skills of the Advanced
Commando Combat System